MUSIC P2
FEBRUARY/MARCH 2016
MEMORANDUM

MARKS: 30

TIME: 1½ hours

INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION

  1. This question paper consists of THREE sections:
    SECTION A (Aural) (10)
    SECTION B (Recognition) (12)
    SECTION C (Form) (8)
  2. QUESTION 1, QUESTION 2, QUESTION 3 and QUESTION 7 are compulsory.
  3. Answer QUESTION 4 (Western Art Music (WAM)) OR QUESTION 5 (JAZZ) OR QUESTION 6 (Indigenous African Music (IAM)).
  4. Write all your answers on this question paper. Use a pencil for music notation and blue or black ink for the other answers.
  5. This examination will be written while candidates are listening to a CD.
  6. The music teacher of the centre must conduct the examination in the presence of the invigilator.
  7. The last page of this question paper is manuscript paper intended for rough work. Candidates may remove this page.
  8. Candidates may NOT have access to any musical instrument for the duration of this examination.
  9. Write neatly and legibly.

INSTRUCTIONS TO THE PERSON OPERATING THE SOUND EQUIPMENT

  1. The instructions for the music teacher appear in frames.
  2. Each musical extract (track) must be played the number of times specified in the question paper.
  3. Allow adequate time between tracks to offer candidates time to think and write their answers before playing the next track.
  4. The number of the track must be announced clearly each time before it is played.
  5. If a school offers more than one stream (Western Art Music (WAM), JAZZ, Indigenous African Music (IAM)), the following guidelines must be followed:
    • Each stream must write the examination in a separate venue.
    • Each venue must be equipped with suitable sound equipment.
    • Each venue must have its own CD with musical extracts.
    • An invigilator must be present in each venue.
    • The tracks have to be played as follows:
      - WAM candidates: Tracks 1–20 and Tracks 36–39
      - JAZZ candidates: Tracks 1–10 Tracks 21–26 and Tracks 36–39
      - IAM candidates: Tracks 1–10 and Tracks 27–39
  6. A battery-powered CD player must be available in case of a power failure.

 

musicp20

Note to marker: Candidates must be credited for any correct answers not given in the memorandum.

SECTION A: AURAL

QUESTION 1

Play Track 1 TWICE in succession.

1.1
Listen to the melodic and rhythmic phrase. Notate the rhythm of the missing notes in bars 3–41 below. (3)

 musicm11

1 mark per beat = 3 marks
(minus ½ mark per mistake up to a maximum of 1 mark per beat)

 

Play Track 2 TWICE in succession.

 

1.2
Listen to the extract from Menuet in G by Mozart. Fill in the missing pitches that correspond with the music that you hear on the given score.

 musicm12

½ mark per beat = 3 marks
(the entire beat must be correct for ½ mark)
Play Track 2 ONCE more.

(3)
[6]

QUESTION 2

Play Track 3 ONCE to provide a general overview.

Listen to the extract from Think of Me (Phantom of the Opera) while you follow the vocal score. Answer the questions that follow.

 musicm20

Play Track 4 TWICE.

2.1 Name the interval at 2.1 (in the vocal part) in bar 3, e.g. Major 2nd.

Answer
Perfect octave/8th

Perfect octave/8th= 1 mark
Octave only = no mark

(1)

Play Track 5 TWICE.

2.2 Name the cadence at 2.2 in bars 7 and 8. (1)

Answer
Imperfect (cadence)

Imperfect (cadence) = 1 mark
Play Track 6 TWICE.

2.3
This extract starts in bar 9. At 2.3 in bar 11 you will hear a non-chordal note in the vocal line.

2.3.1 Notate this note on the score. (1)

Answer:
The note E

2.3.2 Name the type of non-chordal note. (1)

Answer:
Suspension

Notated note = 1 mark
Suspension = 1 mark

[4]
TOTAL SECTION A: 10

SECTION B: RECOGNITION OF MUSIC CONCEPTS

QUESTION 3: GENERAL LISTENING (COMPULSORY)

Study the items in COLUMN A in QUESTION 3.1–3.4 for two minutes.

Note to marker: if a candidate selected more than two items at a question, only the first two items must be marked.
Play Track 7 TWICE.

3.1
Mark TWO items in COLUMN A that relate to Track 7. Make a cross (X) in TWO appropriate blocks.

COLUMN A Track 7
Ragtime  
Idiophone  X
Trombone  
Cyclic chord structure  X
Trumpet  X
Pentatonic  
Any 2 = 2 marks

(2)

Play Track 8 TWICE.

3.2
Mark TWO items in COLUMN A that relate to Track 8. Make a cross (X) in TWO appropriate blocks.

COLUMN A Track 8
Anacrusis  X
Allegro  
Homophonic  X
Accelerando  
Polyphonic  
Pizzicato  X
Any 2 = 2 marks

(2)

Play Track 9 TWICE.

3.3
Mark TWO items in COLUMN A that relate to Track 9. Make a cross (X) in TWO appropriate blocks.

COLUMN A Track 9
Alto  
Aerophone  
Ostinato  X
American Jazz  
Idiophone  X
Synthesiser  X
Any 2 = 2 marks


(2)

Play Track 10 TWICE.

3.4
Mark TWO items in COLUMN A that relate to Track 10. Make a cross (X) in TWO appropriate blocks.

COLUMN A Track 10
Chorus  X
Polyphonic  
Alla marcia  X
Pedal point  X
Big Band  
Tranquillo  
Any 2 = 2 marks



(2)
(8 ÷ 2) [4]

Answer QUESTION 4 (WAM) OR QUESTION 5 (JAZZ) OR QUESTION 6 (IAM).

QUESTION 4: WAM

4.1
Listen to the extracts and answer the questions that follow.

Play Track 11 ONCE.

4.1.1
Identify the composer and title of this work.

Answer:
Composer: (Felix) Mendelssohn
Title: Hebrides Overture or Fingal's Cave

Mendelssohn = 1 mark
Hebrides Overture or Fingal's Cave = 1 mark for either answer
Only Overture = No marks

(2)

Play Track 12 TWICE.

4.1.2
Which melodic compositional technique is heard in the violas and bassoons at the beginning of this extract? (1)

Answer:

  • Sequence
  • Repetition
Play Track 13 TWICE.

4.1.3
Which ONE of the following terms best describes the melodic material of the strings and flutes in this extract? Make a cross (X) in the appropriate block.

Cantabile Arpeggios Chromatic Diatonic

Answer:
Chromatic

Chromatic = 1 mark

(1)

Play Track 14 TWICE.

4.1.4
Give a suitable Italian term to describe the dynamic level of the melodic line in this extract. (1)

Answer:

  • Fortissimo (ff)
  • Forte (f)
  • Crescendo
Any ONE correct answer = 1 mark

4.2 Listen to the extracts and answer the questions that follow.

Play Track 15 ONCE.

4.2.1 Identify the genre of this music. (1)

Answer:

  • Opera
  • Duet
Any ONE correct answer = 1 mark
Aria = no mark

4.2.2 Name the characters who sing in this extract. (2)

Answer:

  • Papageno
  • Papagena
Papageno = 1 mark
Papagena = 1 mark
Play Track 16 ONCE.

4.2.3 Write down a suitable Italian term to describe the change of tempo towards the end of this extract. (1)

Answer:

  • Ritardando
  • Ritenuto
  • Allargando
Play Track 17 ONCE.

4.2.4
Choose the word that best describes the articulation applied in the accompaniment of this extract. Make a cross (X) in the appropriate block.

Staccato Leggiero Pizzicato Vivace

Answer:
Staccato

Staccato = 1 mark

(1)

4.3
Listen to TWO extracts from Beethoven's Symphony No. 6 which will be played twice each and answer the questions.

Play Track 18 TWICE.


4.3.1
This extract begins with a solo woodwind instrument which is followed by a solo brass instrument. Name each of these instruments.

Answer:
Woodwind instrument: Clarinet
Brass instrument: Horn (French Horn)

Woodwind instrument: Clarinet = 1 mark
Brass instrument: Horn (French Horn = 1 mark

(2)

4.3.2 Identify the movement from which this extract is taken. (1)

Answer:
Fifth movement

Fifth movement = 1 mark

 

Play Track 19 TWICE.

4.3.3 Identify the movement from which this extract is taken. (1)

Answer:
First movement

First movement = 1 mark

 

Play Track 20 TWICE.

4.3.4
Choose the time signature of this extract. Make a cross (X) in the appropriate block. (1)

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4.3.5
Mark the character or mood of this extract in COLUMN A. Make a cross (X) in the appropriate block.

COLUMN A Track 20
Lento  
Tranquillo  
Agitato  
Maestoso  x

Answer:
Maestoso

Maestoso = 1 mark

(1)
(16 ÷ 2) [8]

TOTAL SECTION B: 12

OR

QUESTION 5: JAZZ

5.1 Listen to the extracts and answer the questions that follow.

Play Track 21 ONCE.

5.1.1
With which ONE of the following terms would you associate this extract? Make a cross (X) in the appropriate block.

Marabi Mbaqanga Jazz in exile

Answer:
Jazz in exile

Jazz in exile = 1 mark

(1)

5.1.2 Write down the title of this work. (1)

Answer:
Mra

Mra = 1 mark

5.1.3 Name TWO artists associated with this extract.(2)

Answer:

  • Chris McGregor
  • Louis Moholo
  • Dudu Pukwana
  • Mongezi Feza
Any two correct answers = 2 marks

 

Play Track 22 TWICE.

5.1.4 A repetitive rhythmic drive is heard in this extract. Which instrument(s) are heard in this regard? Make a cross (X) in the appropriate block.

Instrument(s) Track 22
Horn section, bass and piano  
Cymbals, bass and piano  x
Piano only  

Answer:
Cymbals, bass and piano

Cymbal, bass and piano = 1 mark

(1)

5.2 Listen to the extracts and answer the questions that follow.

Play Track 23 ONCE.

5.2.1 Identify the South African jazz style. (1)

Answer:
Kwela
Penny-whistle Jive

Any correct answer = 1 mark

5.2.2 Give TWO reasons for your answer to QUESTION 5.2.1. (2)

Answer:

  • Prominent melodic instrument (usually the penny whistle or saxophone or both)
  • Township jive rhythm
  • Skiffle-like beat
Any two correct answers = 2 marks

5.2.3 Name ONE artist associated with this extract. (1)

Answer:

  • Elias Lerole
  • Lemmy Mabaso
  • Spokes Mashiyane
Any correct answer = 1 mark

5.2.4 Name the title of the work. (1)

Answer:

  • See You Later, Little Lemmy
See You Later, Little Lemmy = 1 mark

5.3 Listen to the extracts and answer the questions that follow.

Play Track 24 ONCE.

5.3.1 Identify the South African jazz style. (1)

Answer:

  • Mbaqanga
  • Afro-soul
Any ONE correct answer = 1 mark

5.3.2 Give TWO reasons for your answer to QUESTION 5.3.1. (2)

Answer:

  • Continuous repetition of music material above a rhythmic ostinato
  • A mix of Western instrumentation and South African vocal style
  • Cyclic chord structure – similar to marabi
  • Instrumental approach (bass and keyboards) particular to Mbaqanga
  • Call and response
Any TWO correct answers = 2 marks

5.3.3 Name the female vocalist associated with this extract. (1)

Answer:

  • Miriam Makeba
Any ONE correct answer = 1 mark

 

Play Track 25 ONCE.

5.3.4 Describe how the call-and-response technique is used in this extract.

Answer:
The lead singer initiates the vocal material (call) and the backing vocalists respond with new vocal material

Any ONE correct answer = 1 mark

(1)

Play Track 26 ONCE.

5.3.5
With which of the following items do you associate this extract? Make a cross (X) in the appropriate block.

Riff Electric organ Polyphonic

Answer:
Riff

Riff = 1 mark

(1)
(16 ÷ 2) [8]
TOTAL SECTION B:

OR

QUESTION 6: IAM

6.1 Listen to the extracts and answer the questions that follow.

Play Track 27 ONCE.

6.1.1 Identify the South African style. Make a cross (X) in the appropriate block.

Marabi Mbaqanga Isicathamiya

(1)

6.1.2 Give TWO reasons for your answer to QUESTION 6.1.1. (2)

Answer:

  • The continuous repetition of musical material over an ostinato rhythm
  • Use of repetitive guitar melodic riffs
  • Interweaving of the 2 guitar lines
Any two correct answers = 2 marks

 

Play Track 28 ONCE.

6.1.3 Name the artist/group with whom you associate this song. (1)

Answer:
Mahotella Queens or any female Mbaqanga group

Any female Mbaqanga group = 1 mark

6.2 Listen to the extracts and answer the questions that follow.

Play Track 29 ONCE.

6.2.1 With which type of song do you associate the extract? Make a cross (X) in the appropriate block.

Wedding song Funeral song Struggle song War song

Answer:
Struggle song

Struggle song = 1 mark

 (1)

Play Track 30 ONCE.

6.2.2 With which type of song do you associate the extract? Make a cross (X) in the appropriate block.

Lullaby Celebration song Initiation song Work song

Answer:
Lullaby

Lullaby = 1 mark

(1)

Play Tracks 31 and 32 TWICE in succession.

6.2.3 Listen to the TWO tracks which will be played TWICE in succession.

Complete the table below. Identify the voice type, compositional technique and percussion instrument used in each track.

  Track 31 Track 32
Voice type • SAT
• Solo and group singing
• Male voices
• Solo and group singing
Compositional technique • Call and response
• Repetition
• Call and response
• Repetition
Percussion instrument • Drums
• Shakers
• Crepitation
• Various drums
• Body percussion
(hand clapping)
ONE answer per block - 6÷2=3

(3)

6.3 Listen to the extracts and answer the questions that follow.

Play Track 33 ONCE.

6.3.1 Identify the chordophone that you hear in the introduction of this extract. (1)

Answer:

  • Lesiba
  • Ugwala
  • Makwindi
Any ONE correct answer = 1 mark

6.3.2 Name the voice type of the solo singer who introduces the melody. (1)

Answer:
Tenor

Tenor = 1 mark

6.3.3
Identify the vocal compositional technique used in this extract. Make a cross (X) in the appropriate block.

Call and response Ululation Crepitation Imitation

Answer:
Call and Response

Call and Response = 1 mark

(1)

6.4 Listen to the extracts and answer the questions that follow.

Play Track 34 and Track 35 TWICE in succession.

Identify TWO instruments in each of the extracts.

  Track 34 Track 35
Instruments Guitar (plucked sound)
Concertina
Drumkit
Bass guitar
Male voice
Horns/Lenaka
Electric guitars
Shakers
Traditional drums
Instruments: 2x2 = 4 marks

 

(4)
(16 ÷ 2)[8]
TOTAL SECTION D:12

SECTION C: FORM

QUESTION 7

Read and study the questions for ONE minute.

Play Track 36 ONCE to provide an overview.

Listen to the following piece while you study the score.

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musicm70b

 

7.1 Name the overall form of this work. (1)

Answer:
Ternary form
ABA form

Any ONE correct answer = 1 mark

 

7.2
Motivate your answer to QUESTION 7.1 by indicating the main sections on the score. Write capital letters above the staff. (3)

Answer

Section Bar numbers
A 1-16
B 17-32
A 33-48
1 mark for each correct section = 3 marks

7.3 Name the main key of the work in bars 1–16. (1)

Answer:
E minor

E minor = 1 mark


7.4 To which key does the work modulate (change key) in bar 17? (1)

Answer:
E major/Tonic major

E Major/Tonic major = 1 mark

 

Play Track 37 ONCE.

7.5 Which compositional technique is used in the bass part from in 1–5? (1)

Answer:

  • Pedal point
  • Repetition of the bass note
  • Sustaining of the root note of the triad
Any ONE correct answer = 1 mark

 

Play Track 38 ONCE.

7.6 This track starts in bar 27. Name the cadence in bars 30–32. (1)

Answer:

Perfect (cadence)

Perfect (cadence) = 1 mark

 

Play Track 39 ONCE.


[8]
TOTAL SECTION C: 8
GRAND TOTAL: 30