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  1. This question paper consists of THREE sections:
    SECTION A: Comprehension (30) 
    SECTION B: Summary (10)
    SECTION C:   Language (40) 
  2. Answer ALL the questions.
  3. Read ALL the instructions carefully.
  4. Start EACH section on a NEW page.
  5. Leave a line between answers.
  6. Number the answers correctly according to the numbering system used in this  question paper.
  7. For multiple-choice questions, write only the question number and the  letter (A–D) of the correct answer.
  8. Pay special attention to spelling and sentence construction. 9. Use the following time frame as a guideline:
    SECTION A: 50 minutes
    SECTION B: 30 minutes
    SECTION C: 40 minutes
  9. Write neatly and legibly.


Read BOTH TEXT A and TEXT B and answer the set questions. 


  1. South Africans just love fast foods. Many believe that there is nothing wrong  with fast foods and that too much of a fuss is made about nutrition.
  2. A study by Taylor Nelson Sofres (TNS) Surveys shows that half of South Africans treat their health casually and that 62% are not interested in health  or nutrition issues. South Africans would rather buy fast foods than cook fresh meals.
  3. Fast foods are generally processed and have a high salt content. A recent  international survey by World Action on Salt and Health (WASH) was  conducted on leading fast food outlets. The findings suggest that children  could at times be consuming three times more salt in fast foods than is  actually required.
  4. Salt is regarded as the main factor contributing to high blood pressure,  strokes, heart attacks and kidney failure. The survey by WASH, which  analysed salt content in children's meals in 37 countries, has ranked South  Africa among the top ten nations for having the saltiest children's fast food  meals.
  5. Popular franchises like KFC, McDonald's, Burger King and Subway were  among those surveyed. Conducted in partnership with the Heart and Stroke  Foundation of South Africa, the survey found South Africa's KFC chicken  burger and chips to be the saltiest globally, with a salt content of  2,91 grams. This is more than half a teaspoon per meal, and about three  times more than the one gram of salt recommended for each meal. South  African McDonald's chicken nugget meal also had a high amount of salt, with 1,67 grams. This was ranked the third saltiest chicken nugget meal in  the world after Turkey and Venezuela.
  6. In addition, the survey showed that the salt content in fast foods varied significantly from country to country. Legislation on salt content was  introduced earlier in some countries. The United Kingdom (UK) and the  United States of America (USA) consistently had low salt content in most of  their children's meals, less than one gram. The McDonald's chicken nugget  meal in the UK had the lowest salt content at 0,78 grams. 
  7. The above study has raised concern, prompting the South African Health  Department to call for the country's fast food outlets to reduce their salt  content in food. Regulations that were recently introduced in South Africa  would hopefully reduce the amount of salt in fast foods. It is important that  the fast food outlets take a lead in reducing the amount of salt used during  food preparation. 
  8. Christelle Crickmore from the Heart and Stroke Foundation, who helped to  collect data from fast food outlets in South Africa, also raised concerns  about the amount of salt in the country's fast foods. 'With South Africans having one of the highest rates of high blood pressure worldwide – and with  one in ten children suffering from the disease – we simply cannot afford to  allow such high levels of salt in popular children's meals,' she said. 
  9. What is also cause for concern is the fact that 63% of parents admit that  they have problems convincing their children to eat healthily. Most children  choose food on taste, rather than on its perceived healthiness, and think  healthy food does not taste good. 
  10. Salt Watch, a non-governmental organisation, was launched to educate  South Africans on healthy foods and on the dangers of high salt  consumption. The group will complement the work done at government  level. The South African Department of Health has been supportive of salt  reduction campaigns for some time, stating in Parliament that the diet of  South Africans has been shown to be very high in salt. Legislation was  recently signed to make salt reduction in the food industry mandatory over a  period of time. 
  11. Legislation alone is not going to lower salt consumption in South Africa and  improve health. It will have to be a collaborative effort of government, the  food industry and organisations such as the Heart and Stroke Foundation.  The people of South Africa also have a role to play. They have to start  choosing products with a lower salt content and use less salt at the table  and when cooking. Children need to be taught to eat healthily from an early  age.  

     [Adapted from Daily News, 20 August 2015 and] 

1.1 Name TWO beliefs that South Africans have about fast foods. (2) 
1.2 Identify the TWO organisations that worked together on a study which  surveyed the salt content in children's fast food meals in South Africa. (2) 
1.3 Quote a SINGLE word (paragraph 3) to prove that the WASH survey was not  conducted only in South Africa. (1) 
1.4 Explain what is meant by 'leading fast food outlets' (line 9). (2) 
1.5 Explain why is it important for South Africans to take the results of the studies  by TNS Surveys and WASH seriously. (3)
1.6 State TWO South African outlets that participated in the international survey  on the salt content of fast foods. (2) 
1.7 How does the McDonald's chicken nugget meal that is sold in South Africa  differ from the one that is sold in the UK? (2) 
1.8 State TWO steps that have been implemented by the Department of Health  to address the findings of the surveys into salt consumption in South Africa. (2) 
1.9 Why are children eating fast foods in the UK and USA probably healthier than  South African children who eat fast foods? Give a reason for your answer. (2) 
1.10 The passage states that legislation was recently signed to make salt reduction  in the food industry MANDATORY over a period of time. 
Choose the correct answer to complete the following sentence: 
The capitalised word in the sentence above means that the reduction of salt  in the food industry is … 

  1. voluntary.
  2. compulsory.
  3. optional.
  4. random. (1) 

1.11 In your view, is this passage effective in influencing the readers to reduce  their salt intake? Substantiate your answer. (3) 
1.12 Discuss the suitability of the title, WITH A PINCH OF SALT. (2)

text b
[Source:, 2015] 
Refer to the illustration above (TEXT B). 
1.13 What does the illustration above represent? (1) 
1.14 How does the information given for Saturday differ from that given for Friday?  Give a reason for your answer. (2) 
1.15 Which is the coolest sunny day? (1)
1.16 Discuss whether the visuals accurately convey the message of this text. (2)


South Africa is facing a water crisis.  
You have been asked to write an article for your local newspaper on how to  save water. 
Read TEXT C below and list SEVEN points that you will include in your article on how to save water. 

  1. Your summary must be written in point form.
  2. List your SEVEN points in full sentences, using no more than 70 words.
  3. Number your sentences from 1 to 7. 
  4. Write only ONE point per sentence.
  5. Use your OWN words as far as possible.
  6. Indicate the total number of words you have used in brackets at the end of your  summary. 



South Africa ranks as one of the top thirty driest countries in the world. This knowledge  should encourage a new approach towards the way we use our fragile water  resources. As South Africans, we have had to change our behaviour to adapt  to electricity cuts, so the water crisis demands a change in our habits relating to  water usage.  
South Africa loses billions of rands annually through leaking taps and water pipes. It is  important to repair or replace damaged water connections and washers to stop  all leaks. 
Filling a tub to take a bath uses double the amount of water than when one uses  a shower. A dual flush toilet system needs far less water than the tank system. Water  harvesting involves the collection of rainwater from gutters into a tank. This water can  replace or supplement the main source of water when necessary. The grey water  system entails diverting water mainly from the bathroom into a tank. This water can be  utilised in the garden. Pay attention to the kinds of trees and plants that you have  in your garden as some consume more water than others, especially those that are  not indigenous.  
When you have to make a cup of tea or coffee, boil only the required amount of water.  We waste water when we leave the tap running while brushing our teeth or washing  dishes. However, using a jug or dish will help conserve water. 
It is critical that all South Africans do whatever they can to reduce the demand for  water. 

 [Adapted from Home Improvers, July 2015]   



Study the advertisement (TEXT D) below and answer the set questions. 
text d
 [Adapted from Drum Magazine, 13 November 2014] 
3.1 Who is the target audience of this advertisement? (1)
3.2 According to this advertisement, how can one avoid hay fever and allergies? (1) 
3.3 Discuss the techniques that the advertiser uses to convey the idea of a horror  movie. 
NOTE: In your answer, refer to the visual and verbal techniques. (2)
3.4 Refer to the line, 'Get the tissues ready for …' 
Explain why ellipsis has been used here. (1) 
3.5 Give the singular form of the underlined word in the following: 
Dr Reddy's Laboratories (1)
3.6 Explain what 'Starts 1 September' refers to. (2) 
3.7 Discuss the effectiveness of this advertisement. (2) [10]

Read the cartoon (TEXT E) below and answer the set questions.  
text e
4.1 Refer to FRAME 1.  

4.1.1 Where does the conversation between Blondie and her neighbour  take place?  (1) 
4.1.2 State ONE visual clue which has made the neighbour conclude  that there is a problem with the lawnmower. (1) 
4.1.3  State the TWO meanings of 'the starter' that Blondie is referring to. (2) 

4.2 Complete the following tag question. 
The lawnmower is broken, ... ? (1)
4.3 Choose the correct answer to complete the following sentence: In FRAME 3, Dagwood is sleeping in a … 

  1. bed.
  2. swing. 
  3. hammock.
  4. cot. (1)

4.4 Identify the clues which indicate that Dagwood is fast asleep. (2) 
4.5 Is Blondie's calm tone an appropriate reaction to what is happening in  FRAME 3? Discuss your opinion. (2) [10]

5.1 Read the passage (TEXT F) below, which has some deliberate errors, and  answer the set questions.  


  1. Few things in life say relaxation like a bunch of good books and a  beach blanket on a sunny afternoon. However when you are packing  the beach bag, you may have second thoughts about throwing your  cellphone into it.
  2. You're right to hesitate. Sand, surf and sun are good for the soul but  their horrible for your cellphone.
  3. You need something substantial to keep it save from the elements.  A strong case should have two lines in defence. There should be an  inner shell to cradle the device, and a stronger outer layer of protection,  often made of foam.
  4. Regardless of the case you choose, if waterproofing is your primary  need, get a shockproof, water-resistant case. If you cannot afford these  cases, there's another method: a clear, airtight plastic bag. Low-tech?  Sure. It's cheap but it gets the job done.
  5. None of these cases, though, will protect your cellphone against the  perils of heat and direct sunlight. Heat can cause serious damage.  Keep your device in the shade is the best defence. 

[Adapted from Daily News, 16 July 2015] 

5.1.1 Correct the SINGLE error in each of the following sentences. Write  down ONLY the question numbers and the words you have  corrected. 

  1. Sand, surf and sun are good for the soul but their horrible for  your cellphone. (1)
  2. You need something substantial to keep it save from the  elements.  (1)
  3. A strong case should have two lines in defence.  (1)
  4. Keep your device in the shade is the best defence. (1)

5.1.2 Replace 'bunch' in the following sentence with a more suitable  collective noun.  
Few things in life say relaxation like a bunch of good books and a  beach blanket on a sunny afternoon. (1) 
5.1.3 Rewrite the following sentence as a question. 
You're right to hesitate. (1)
5.1.4 Choose the correct answer to complete the following sentence:
Sand, surf and sun (line 5) is an example of … 

  1. personification. 
  2. alliteration. 
  3. onomatopoeia.
  4. metaphor. (1)

5.1.5 Rewrite the following sentence in reported speech: 
She said, 'Tomorrow I will spend the day at the beach.' (4)
5.1.6 Rewrite the following sentence in the passive voice: 
Heat can cause serious damage. (1) 
5.1.7 Study the following sentence and use a homonym for the word  'case' in a sentence of your own: 
Regardless of the case you choose, if waterproofing is your  primary need, get a shockproof, water-resistant case. (1) 
5.1.8 Study the following sentence and give a synonym for the word  'perils' in the following sentence: 
None of these cases, though, will protect your cellphone against  the perils of heat and direct sunlight. (1)

5.2 Study the text (TEXT G) below and answer the questions. 


Why eye examinations are important 
World Sight Day is on 8 October and National Eye Care Awareness Month is  taking place until 18 October. It's worth making time to take proper care of your  eyes. Prioritise your eye health, not just this month, but throughout your life.

 text g

 [Source: Indwe, October 2015] 

5.2.1 Complete the following sentence by filling in the missing word: 
'Eye Spy' is an example of a pun. The writer has used the word 'eye' instead of ... (1) 
5.2.2 Provide an antonym for the underlined word in the following  sentence: 
Eye examinations are important. (1)
5.2.3 Rewrite the following sentence in the simple future tense: 
National Eye Care Awareness Month is taking place until  18 October. (1)
5.2.4 Remove the contraction in the following sentence: 
It's worth making time to take proper care of your eyes. (1) 
5.2.5 Rewrite the following sentence by giving the correct form of the word  in brackets: 
Make your eye health a (prioritise). (1)
5.2.6 Provide the correct degree of comparison in the following sentence: 
It is (health) to have your eyes tested once a year than every second  year. (1)


Last modified on Friday, 18 June 2021 08:53